THE NIGER NATIONAL ASSEMBLY
The Republic of Niger, as officially known, is a landlocked country in West Africa and bears the name of the Niger River. The former French colony is a unitary state, sharing a border with Libya in the north-east, Chad in the east, Nigeria in the south, Benin and Burkina Faso in the south-west, Mali in the west and Algeria to the northwest.
Niger gained its independence from France in 1960 and experienced a series of disturbances and coups d’état until 2010, when a new civil constitution was designed to restore peace. Niamey is the largest and capital of Niger, with a population of more than 25 million in October 2021.
Niger’s legislative body is the National Assembly, which is structurally unicameral and currently has 166 members elected directly for a five-year term instead of 171. Women represent (28%) of the total members of the Assembly. Elections for the 5 representatives of the diaspora are underway.
The members of the National Assembly are elected by proportional list voting
The voting methods for the general elections are :
· first past the post for special constituencies;
· proportional representation at the highest average for ordinary constituencies. For special constituencies the candidate who has obtained the relative majority of votes is declared elected.
In the event of a tie vote, a second round shall be held within ten (10) days of the proclamation of the results by the Constitutional Court. In the case of ordinary constituencies, the election shall take place on the basis of a list vote open to proportional representation, without any mixing or preferential voting, according to the rule of the highest average.
The allocation of seats according to proportional representation and the distribution of leftovers by the rule of the highest average consists in assigning as many seats to a list as the number of its votes contains the electoral quotient. The quotient is the result of the division of valid votes cast by the number of seats to be filled in an electoral district. The average is determined for each list by the ratio of the total number of votes obtained to the total number of seats it would have if it were allocated the remaining seat.
The list with the highest average wins one seat. This operation shall be resumed where there are two or more remaining seats until all the seats have been allocated. If several lists obtain the same average for the allocation of the last seat, the latter returns to the list that will have won the greatest number of votes.
Between general elections, vacancies are filled by alternate members. However, by-elections are held whenever more than one-third of the seats become vacant. Nigerian citizens must be 18 years of age and over and 21 years of age for candidates.
In the 2016 elections to the National Assembly of Niger, 43 of the 16 competing parties won seats in the assembly. Nigerian Party for Democracy and Socialism (PNDS Tarayya), Nigerian Democratic Movement for an African Federation (MODERN / FA-Lumana Africa) and National Movement for the Development Society (MNSD) – Nassara, the Patriotic Movement for the Republic (MPR Jamhuriya) emerging respectively as the 4 main parties.
Official Website: https://www.assemblee.ne/